- Dental implants are the most effective and predictable method of replacing missing teeth.
- The vast majority of adult patients may benefit from dental implants, which can be inserted into the jaw bone at any age.
- Medical titanium implants have increased resistance as well as excellent biocompatibility.
- Screw type implants replace the natural root of an extracted tooth. It represents the intraosseous part of the future tooth, with a dental crown being adapted over it by means of a prosthetic connector(abutment).
- The implant can represent the foundation for a single tooth or for a larger prosthetic construction, such as a dental bridge, when more implants are being inserted.
- Depending on the clinical situation, implants can be immediately loaded with a dental crown or at an interval of 3-6 months after the surgical stage.
- The intervention of inserting a dental implant is carried out under local anaesthesia and it’s not painful, even when it is carried out in the same appointment as the tooth extraction.
- The dental implant once integrated into the jaw bone will stop bone atrophy.
- Patients receiving treatment through dental implants are asked to maintain regular checkups and professional scaling and brushing every 6 months.
There are clinical situations in which a dental implant can not be inserted until surgical sinus lift surgery is performed
The maxillary sinus is a cavity full of air, which communicates with the nasal cavity and other sinuses. Sinus lift is an oral surgery procedure that aims to elevate the maxillary sinus membrane in order to add an amount of bone. The added bone is required for the insertion of a dental implant because the implant will be attached to that bone. The most common cause that leads to sinus lift is represented by dental extractions. Once a tooth is extracted, the surrounding bone begins a slow but steady process of atrophy with a reduction in volume. Generally around 4-5 years after extraction, the bone is reduced 60-70%, making it impossible to insert a dental implant without bone addition in the posterior maxilla.
- Gum incision
- After bone discovery, the alveolar ridge is smoothed (in certain situations)
- Creating an implant site in the bone (neoalveolus)
- The orifice (osteotomy) is gradually widened to insert the dental implant
- Implant insertion using the surgical motor or the hand key
- The implant is usually placed at bone level or 1 mm below
- Mounting the cover screw
- Gum suture
- After 3-6 months, the implant is uncovered and a healing abutment is placed
- Allow 1-2 weeks for gum healing
- The impression for the permanent dental crown is taken
- The prosthetic abutment together with the dental crown are placed into position.